A national anthem (national hymn, national song) is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation’s government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. The majority of national anthems are either marches or hymns in style. – Wikipedia
NATIONAL ANTHEMS FROM THE KINGDOM OF HAWAI’I
God Save The King (1810–1860)
E Ola Ke Aliʻi Ke Akua (1860–1866)
He Mele Lāhui Hawaiʻi (1866–1876)
Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī (1876– )
God Save The King
From 1810–1860 the Kingdom of Hawai’i lacked its own national anthem and used the British royal anthem “God Save The Queen”. With the male sovereign of the Kamehameha reign, it was adopted as “God Save The King”.
E Ola Ke Ali’i Ke Akua
In 1860 Liholiho, Kamehameha IV sponsored a contest in search for a song using Hawaiian lyrics set to the tune of the British anthem. Prince William Charles Lunalilo, who later became King Lunalilo won the contest with his composition of “E Ola Ke Ali’i Ke Akua“. While the title of the song translates to “God Save The King”, the lyrics reflected the sovereign reign of the Kingdom of Hawai’i.
He Mele Lahui Hawai’i
At the request of Kamehameha V in 1866, Lydia Kamaka’eha who later became Queen Lili’uokalani wrote the song “He Mele Lahui Hawai’i” (“The Song of the Hawaiian Nation”) in the Hawaiian language with English translation to become the new national anthem of Hawai’i.
In 1874 Hawai’i’s reigning king, King David Kalākaua composed the song “Hawai’i Pono’i” (“Hawai’i’s Own”). Two years later in 1876 “Hawai’i Pono’i” became Hawai’i’s national anthem replacing Liliuokalani’s composition He Mele Lahui Hawai’i. Hawai’i Pono’i has stood the test of time serving as the national anthem of the Kingdom of Hawai’i and the illegal overthrow of the Republic of Hawai’i, the Territory of Hawai’i, and the State of Hawai’i.